The American Red Cross provides readers with 15 steps you can take to stay safe with the cold, snow, and ice. Whether you’re trying to keep your home warm or need to be out and about in the cold, these tips can help you get through the storm.
HEAT YOUR HOME SAFELY
It’s that time of year when many people resort to space heaters and other sources to keep their homes warm. Home heating is the second leading cause of fires in this country. To reduce the risk of heating related fires, the Red Cross recommends these steps:
- All heaters need space. Keep children, pets and things that can burn (paper, matches, bedding, furniture, clothing, carpets, and rugs) at least three feet away from heating equipment.
- If you must use a space heater, place it on a level, hard, and nonflammable surface (such as ceramic tile floor), not on rugs, carpets, or near bedding or drapes. Plug power cords directly into outlets – never into an extension cord.
- Never leave a fire in the fireplace unattended and use a glass or metal fire screen to keep fire and embers in the fireplace.
- Never use a cooking range or oven to heat your home.
- Turn off portable space heaters every time you leave the room or go to sleep.
STAY SAFE DURING WINTER WEATHER
6. Wear layers of clothing, a hat, mittens, and waterproof, insulated boots.
7. Be careful when tackling strenuous tasks like shoveling snow in cold temperatures.
8. Check on your neighbors, especially elderly people living alone, people with disabilities, and children.
9. Bring pets indoors. If they can’t come inside, make sure they have enough shelter to keep them warm and that they can get to unfrozen water.
10. Watch for hypothermia and frostbite. Hypothermia symptoms include confusion, dizziness, exhaustion and severe shivering. Frostbite symptoms include numbness, flushed gray, white, blue or yellow skin discoloration, numbness, or waxy feeling skin.
WINTER TRAVEL SAFETY
Stay off the road if possible during severe weather. If you must drive in winter weather, follow these tips:
11. Make sure everyone has their seat belts on and give your full attention to the road.
12. Don’t follow other vehicles too closely. Sudden stops are difficult on snowy roadways.
13. Don’t use cruise control when driving in winter weather.
14. Don’t pass snow plows.
15. Ramps, bridges and overpasses freeze before roadways.
Readers can download the Red Cross Emergency App for instant access to weather alerts for their area and where loved ones live. Expert medical guidance and a hospital locator are included in the First Aid App, in case travelers encounter any mishaps. Both apps are available to download for free in app stores or at redcross.org/apps.